The City of Winnipeg was first developed to the north of the study area. As the city expanded, business moved south into what is now considered the Downtown. Thus the buildings in the study area are not as old as those in the more northerly sections of the city such as Urban Renewal Area 2 and North Point Douglas. The oldest sections of the study area north of Portage Avenue are the triangle bounded by Balmoral, Ellice, and Notre Dame, and the small section southeast of this triangle bounded by Donald, Portage, Main, and Ellice. Between 24% and 28% of the buildings in these areas are over 60 years old. South of Portage, the older buildings are concentrated in the area just south of the major retail core.

New construction has occurred primarily on Broadway where a number of office buildings have been erected, and in the area east of the Hudson's Bay Co. store where medical and dental offices account for most of the new construction.

Of the non-residential structures in the study area for which figures are available, 20.4% are over 60 years old, and 17.0% are less than 10 years old. In Urban Renewal Area 2 in 1966, 43.5% of the buildings were over 60 years old, and only 6.8% were less than 10 years old. The corresponding proportions in North Point Douglas in 1966 were 34.5% and 9.1%. Table 3.6 gives the figures for the age of non-residential buildings in the study area in 1967.

Illustration 3-B: Typical Downtown Housing (Edmonton and Qu'Appelle)