8. EMPLOYMENT

At the time of the Corporation survey, 4,150 persons over 15, or 55.4% of the total population, were employed full time. An additional 3.4% were employed part time, and 3.6% were unemployed. The unemployment rate for males was much higher than that for females -- 5.7% as compared to 1.8%. The low figure for female unemployment may simply be due to the voluntary withdrawal of women from the labor force. Of the fully employed of both sexes, 96.0% were wage and salary earners. The remainder were mostly self-employed. The largest group of full-time workers (30.7%) were employed in the Community, Business and Personal Service category of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics "Standard Industrial Classification". This includes such occupations as clerks, barbers, waitresses, janitors, domestic help, firemen, and policemen. The retail trade, the manufacturing industry, and the transportation and communications industry accounted for a further 14.1%, 13.4%, and 13.0% respectively of the full-time labour force. The primary and construction industries employed a very small percentage of the resident labour force -- only 3.7% in total. Table 5.11 contains the figures for the industrial distribution by sex.

Community, Business and Personal Service, employed 37.7% of the full-time female labour force resident in the area and 24.4% of the male. The male labour force was dominant in such fields as manufacturing, construction, and transportation and communication. Within these industries, a further analysis was made by occupational distribution. Table 5.12 contains the data.

The dominance of the Community, Business and Personal Services category explains why a high proportion of the labour force resident in the area -- 26.8% -- was engaged in clerical work, and a further 15.6% in service occupations. Females were dominant in both these occupations: 42.6% and 16.6% as compared to the male proportions of 12.3% and 14.6%. Production workers accounted for 14.9% of the labour force. Most of these were engaged in the manufacturing sector which employed 13.4% of the labour force resident in the area. Males were dominant among production workers -- 20.8% as compared to 8.4% of the females. Professional and technical workers in all industries constituted 18.5% of the total labour force; 17.8% of the female labour force, and 19.2% of the male.