The plan for the Downtown is based on two premises: firstly that there are certain key areas which, if appropriately developed, will determine the function and character of the Downtown, and secondly, that if these key areas are appropriately developed, whatever occurs in the rest of the Downtown can be accommodated without undue concern as to whether it is “planned” or not.

The implication of these assumptions is that for the key areas, a very high degree of “planning” is required. This means not only a strong measure of land-use control, but even more important, a strong commitment by the public to invest the sums of money necessary in the public sector of the plan to ensure that the concept will be realized. For the other parts of the Downtown, no such special measures would be necessary. The development of the key areas, it is expected, will stimulate development in other parts of the Downtown, but the key areas themselves will be so powerful in their influence that the development stimulated in the other parts of the Downtown could be absorbed into the general pattern of the Downtown without any special “planning” measures, other than the normal zoning controls.

South of Portage Avenue, such a key area is represented by the fourteen blocks which are contained between St. Mary Avenue on the north, Main Street on the east, Broadway on the south, and Edmonton street on the west.

North of [XMLmind], the key area is the area bounded by Ellice Avenue, Colony Street, Cumberland Avenue and Carlton Street.

The plan for the Downtown is shown on Plates 16 19. The salient features of the plan embody the elements which were identified and discussed in the previous section of this report as being the appropriate basis of a development plan for the Downtown of Metropolitan Winnipeg. These elements include a large resident population housed in high density apartments, a weather-protected pedestrian movement system, an open space and “winter garden” system, a parking structure system, and entertainment, recreation, and shopping facilities, to serve not only the resident population but the whole of the Metropolitan Downtown market.